Minsk hosted the discussion on Ihnat Abdziralavich from the series of public lectures.
The series of lectures of the Flying University “Advechnym shliaham” (Belarusian "The eternal way" – EuroBelarus), named by analogy with the Ihnat Abdziralavich’s essay, was a certain discovery for every participant, who took part in the lectures. And the work by the Belarusian thinker of the early 20th century was a certain rite of initiation. As the moderator of the event, philosopher and writer Ihar Babkou noted, "a Belarusian before reading and after reading Abdziralavich are two different Belarusians".
The "EuroBelarus" Information Service visited the event.
- Abdziralavich is an undiscovered miracle. If we didn’t have him it would be worth inventing him, - the philosopher and methodologist Uladzimir Matskevich said.
He described the work of Ihnat Abdziralavich as a "synopsis of thinking of the time that we haven’t yet realized."
- A great genius, who could have been revealed, used to live in Belarus. It all happened in our peasant Belarus, which at that time didn’t have any clear form and didn’t even try to find it.
Uladzimir Matskevich added that the time we had back then could be compared with the present, as we have no form either, but only look for it and create it.
- The text by Abdziralavich should not only be included in the essential anthology of the Belarusian thought, but also become the ground of a thorough work on studying its development.
The professor of the European State University, Doctor of Philosophy Tatsiana Sshytsova speaks about Ihnat Abdziralavich as about a phenomenon.
- We needed a historical perspective, from which his versatility would be visible. In our eyes Abdziralavich looks like our contemporary. What he says about Belarus has come true right now.
Tatiana Sshytsova noted that the author of the essay distinguishes between the social and political forms of life. Nation building is possible if there is sovereignty and no external coercion.
According to the philosopher, the essay draws attention to the difference between the East and the West and the analysis of the borderline of this or that social formation. Tatiana Sshytsova noted that Abdziralavich touches upon the ambivalence of Belarusian ethos that has a ring of the definition of the Belarusian people as ironic.
And a philosopher, poet, and translator Mihail Bajaryn wondered what does the time when the essay “Advechnym shliaham” was created have in common with today’s reality that makes us think about this text a hundred years later?
- In my opinion, it is the rejection of the existing form as ours. Just like the Belarusian nationalism didn’t accept cultural and state forms as its own, today we don’t accept the Republic of Belarus.
On the other hand, the philosopher said, if we compare "what we wanted" with what we "received", we can say that our national project is formally completed. There is a set of national standards: the state, the army, symbols, borders, and language. They might not be what we wanted, but we have them. The tasks set by the Belarusian nationalism in early XX century are fulfilled. Nevertheless, the national project isn’t considered complete, since we are in a situation of not recognizing what we have as ours.
According to Mihail Bajaryn, it is the absence of philosophy that differs that time and the present. It were practically oriented people aimed at business and actions that were at the cradle of that nationalism.
- Belarusians were allowed a lot, but were not allowed to think.
So today, according to the philosopher, Belarusan intellectual tradition is being established. And it emerges when there are students.
- We have two paths: either we insist on creating our own form (which means having our own culture and civilization of great style), or we accept someone else's form, Mihail Bajaryn presented everyone with the choice.
Journalist Siarhei Dubavets, in his turn, drew attention to the fact that the text by Abdziralavich is a national project of ethics, and this is what makes it attractive.
- Nationalism in the form of a project of ethics emerged in the early 1980s. It was beautiful, and good always won over evil. And now we have a national project, which is completely deprived of ethics. We need to return it the ethics and the concepts according to which the western civilization lives. To return Abdziralavich to Belarus means to fill the national project with ethics.
The participants of the meeting noted that the essay didn’t come easy for them the first time. Iryna Dubianetskaja, Bible scholar, theologian, and Academic Director of the Belarusian Collegium said she hasn’t been able to grow fond of Abdziralavich for a long time because he "was writing about Belarus and didn’t notice it." The thing is that he is talking about Belarus, which originated at the crossroads of 19th – 20th centuries. And from what used to be in Belarus before, only Skaryna is mentioned.
- The main thing that makes Abdziralavich special is the demand of constant creativity. And if something has already happened, it ceases to be a creating process and becomes a creation. The idea of "when creating, we destroy" is the core of both the center and the core between huge civilizational entities, i.e. the East and the West according to Abdziralavich.
Irina Dubianetskaja reformulated Siarhei Dubavets, calling his "ethics" for "beauty."
- In 1980 Belarus used to be both an object and a subject of the creative process. It was beautiful, attractive, and ethical. It was something that Karatkevich mentioned: Belarus of beauty.
However, the journalist contradicted, saying that the events of those times haven’t always been "beautiful."
Philosopher Paval Barkouski said that for him Ihnat Abdziralavich is a mystical writer: every time when reading him, he finds a part that he didn’t seem to read before.
Paval Barkouski said that he still sees no viable reason for realization of what Abdziralavich forecasts and dreams about.
- Nothing leads to making possible the realization of a Belarusian project, which would be based not on the frozen forms of political thinking, but an open project, which relies on the civil society.
- It is for 19 years now that the classes in the department of philosophy and literature in the Belarusian Collegium start with reading "Advechnym Shliaham" by Abdziralavich, - spoke the philosopher and writer Valiantsin Akudovich.
He proposed to publish an anthology dedicated to the heritage of the thinker.
Ihnat Abdziralavich (Kancheuski) is a Belarusian philosopher, poet, essayist; the author of the program essay "Advechnym shliaham." The basis of the Kancheuski’s worldview and stand in life is his loyalty to the work for Belarus, love for his motherland, self-sacrificing work for the benefit of the people. In a philosophical essay "Advechnym shliaham" (1921) he revealed the drama of the historical fate of Belarusians and their desire to preserve their independence. According to him, the main goal of the people is state independence, which he considered to be a universal ideal. He believed that the bureaucratic state system is one of the main problems. He saw the civilized solution of social problems in free creative process, free forms of people’s social unions, in the choice of a "third, peasant and craftsman way of free brotherhood and cooperation - between the wild capitalism and the tyrannical socialism."